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‘U’, ‘V’, ‘W’, ‘X’, ‘Y’ and ‘Z’ Alphabets Beginning Same Letters / Group of Same Letters in the Different Words of English Language Carry Different Pronunciations: An Illustrative Study

 


‘U’, ‘V’, ‘W’, ‘X’, ‘Y’ and ‘Z’ Alphabets Beginning Same Letters / Group of Same Letters in the Different Words of English Language Carry Different Pronunciations: An Illustrative Study

Dr. Uttam Balu Koli

Ph. D.

Shivaji University

Maharashtra, India

 

Abstract:

The present research article elaborates the ‘U’, ‘V’, ‘W’, ‘X’, ‘Y’ and ‘Z’ alphabets beginning same letters / group of same letters in the different words of English language having different pronunciations. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘U’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 01 in number which is: u. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘V’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 06 in numbers which are: va, ve, vi, via, vo and vu. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘W’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 13 in numbers which are: wa, we, wea, wha, whe, whi, who, whoo, wi, wo, wou, wra and wri. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘X’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 07 in numbers which are: xa, xce, xe, xhi, xi, xo and xu. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘Y’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 04 in numbers which are: ya, yea, yo and you. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘Z’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 05 in numbers which are: za, ze, zea, zo and zoo. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the select alphabets of ‘U’, ‘V’, ‘W’, ‘X’, ‘Y’ and ‘Z’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, have been tabulated with examples including words and phonetic transcriptions which will aid to have accomplishment in the select subject of analysis. The last segment of the present article encompasses conclusion comment and reference record.

Keywords: accomplishment; aid; aspects; explain; subject

Introduction

The present research article elaborates the ‘U’, ‘V’, ‘W’, ‘X’, ‘Y’ and ‘Z’ alphabets beginning same letters / group of same letters in the different words of English language having different pronunciations. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘U’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 01 in number which is: u. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘V’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 06 in numbers which are: va, ve, vi, via, vo and vu. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘W’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 13 in numbers which are: wa, we, wea, wha, whe, whi, who, whoo, wi, wo, wou, wra and wri. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘X’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 07 in numbers which are: xa, xce, xe, xhi, xi, xo and xu. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘Y’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 04 in numbers which are: ya, yea, yo and you. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘Z’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 05 in numbers which are: za, ze, zea, zo and zoo. The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the select alphabets of ‘U’, ‘V’, ‘W’, ‘X’, ‘Y’ and ‘Z’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, have been tabulated with examples including words and phonetic transcriptions.

Alphabet ‘U’ and Details

The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘U’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 01 in number which is brought in notice, with examples including words and phonetic transcriptions, as follows:

Table-1: Details of the Alphabet ‘U’ with Examples

S.

N.

Same Letters / Group of Same Letters

Different Pronunciations

Examples

Words

Phonetic

Transcriptions

1

u

/juː/

Ubiquitous

/juːˈbɪkwɪtəs/

/ʌ/

Udder

ʌ(r)/

/ju/

Unite

/juˈnaɪt/

/ə/

Until

/ənˈtɪl/

/jʊə/

Uranus

jʊərənəs/

 

Alphabet ‘V’ and Details

The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘V’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 06 in numbers which are brought in notice, with examples including words and phonetic transcriptions, as follows:

Table-2: Details of the Alphabet ‘V’ with Examples

S.

N.

Same Letters / Groupof Same Letters

Different Pronunciations

Examples

Words

Phonetic

Transcriptions

1

va

/vɑː/

Advantage

/ədˈvɑːntɪdʒ/

/və/

Advantageous

/ˌædnˈteɪdʒəs/

/veɪ/

Conservationist

/ˌkɒnsəˈveɪʃənɪst/

/və/

Conservatism

/kənˈsɜːtɪzəm/

/vɑː/

Cultivar

/ˈkʌltɪvɑː(r)/

/veɪ/

Cultivate

/ˈkʌltɪveɪt/

/veɪ/

Derivation

/ˌderɪˈveɪʃn/

/və/

Derivative

/dɪˈrɪtɪv/

/væ/

Devalue

/ˌdɪːˈvæljuː/

/və/

Devastate

/ˈdesteɪt/

/veɪ/

Evade

/ɪˈveɪd/

/væ/

Evaluate

/ɪˈvæljueɪt/

/veɪ/

Innovate

/ˈɪnəveɪt/

/və/

Innovative

/ˈɪnətɪv/

/veɪ/

Invade

/ɪnˈveɪd/

/væ/

Invalid

/ˈɪnvælɪd/

/və/

Invalid

/ˈɪnlɪd/

/veə/

Invariable

/ɪnˈveəriəbl/

/və/

Observant

/əbˈzɜːnt/

/veɪ/

Observation

/ˌɒbzəˈveɪʃn/

/və/

Ovary

/ˈəʊri/

/veɪ/

Ovation

/əʊˈveɪʃn/

/və/

Private

/ˈpraɪt/

/vɪ/

Privatize

/ˈpraɪtaɪz/

/vɪ/

Salvage

/ˈsældʒ/

/veɪ/

Salvation

/sæveɪʃn/

/vɪ/

Savage

/ˈsædʒ/

/væ/

Savannah

/səˈvænə/

/veɪ/

Vacant

/veɪˈkənt/

/və/

Vacation

/ˈkeɪʃn/

/væ/

Vacillate

væsəleɪt/

/vɑː/

Vantage point

vɑːntɪdʒ pɔɪnt/

/veə/

Variant

veəriənt/

/veɪ/

Vivacious

/vɪˈveɪʃəs/

/və/

Viva voce

/ˌvaɪ ˈvəʊtʃi/

2

ve

/ve/

Adventurous

/ədˈventʃərəs/

/vɜː/

Adverb

ædvɜːb/

/və/

Adversary

ædsəri/

/ve/

Avenge

/əˈvendʒ/

/və/

Avenue

ænjuː/

/vɜː/

Averse

/əˈvɜːs/

/v/

Caveman

/ˈkeɪvmæn/

/və/

Cavern

/ˈkæn/

/ve/

Convection

/kənˈvekʃn/

/viː/

Convene

/kənˈviːn/

/və/

Convent

/ˈkɒnnt/

/vɜː/

Converge

/kənˈvɜːdʒ/

/v/

Cove

/kəʊv/

/və/

Covenant

/ˈkʌnənt/

/v/

Deserve

/dɪˈzɜːv/

/vɪ/

Deservedly

/dɪˈzɜːdli/

/ve/

Envelop

/ɪnˈveləp/

/və/

Envelope

/ˈenləʊp/

/v/

Evenly

/ˈiːvnli/

/ve/

Event

/ɪˈvent/

/və/

Ever

/ˈe(r)/

/ve/

Inventive

/ɪnˈventɪv/

/və/

Inventory

/ˈɪnntri/

/v/

Liven

/ˈlaɪvn/

/və/

Liver

/ˈlɪ(r)/

/v/

Novelty

/ˈnɒvlti/

/ve/

November

/nəʊˈvembə(r)/

/və/

Revelation

/ˌreˈleɪʃn/

/ve/

Revenge

/rɪˈvendʒ/

/vɪə/

Revere

/rɪˈvɪə(r)/

/və/

River

/ˈrɪ(r)/

/vɪ/

Rivet

/ˈrɪt/

/v/

Several

/ˈsevrəl/

/vɪə/

Severe

/sɪˈvɪə(r)/

/v/

Unreserved

/ˌʌnrɪˈzɜːvd/

/vɪ/

Unreservedly

/ˌʌnrɪˈzɜːdli/

/ve/

Veg

/vedʒ/

/viː/

Vegan

viːɡən/

/və/

Veneer

/ˈnɪə(r)/

/vɜː/

Verb

/vɜːb/

3

vi

/vɪ/

Activist

ˈæktɪst

/və/

Activity

ækˈtɪti

/vɪ/

Civic

/ˈsɪk/

/v/

Civil

/ˈsɪvl/

/vaɪ/

Device

/dɪˈvaɪs/

/v/

Devil

/ˈdevl/

/vaɪ/

Divide

/dɪˈvaɪd/

/vɪ/

Dividend

/ˈdɪdend/

/vaɪ/

Environmentalist

/ɪnˌvaɪrənˈmentəlɪst/

/vɪ/

Envisage

/ɪnˈzɪdʒ/

/vɪ/

Evict

/ɪˈkt/

/vɪ/

Evidence

/ˈedəns/

/vɪ/

Gravitational

/ˌɡræˈteɪʃənl/

/və/

Gravity

/ˈɡræti/

/vɪ/

Invitation

/ˌɪnˈteɪʃn/

/vaɪ/

Invite

/ɪnˈvaɪt/

/vaɪ/

Provided

/prəˈvaɪdɪd/

/vɪ/

Province

/ˈprɒns/

/va/

Revise

/rɪˈvaɪz/

/vɪ/

Revision

/rɪˈʒn/

/vɪ/

Servicewoman

/ˈsɜːswʊmən/

/vaɪ/

Servile

/ˈsɜːvaɪl/

/vaɪ/

Televise

/ˈtelɪvaɪz/

/vɪ/

Television

/ˈtelɪʒn/

/vaɪ/

Vibrant

vaɪbrənt/

/vɪ/

Vicar

(r)/

/və/

Vicinity

/ˈsɪnəti/

/vɜː/

Virgin

vɜːdʒɪn/

4

via

/viə/

Deviant

/ˈdiːviənt/

/vieɪ/

Deviate

/ˈdiːvieɪt/

5

vo

/vɔ/

Devoid

/dɪˈɪd/

/və /

Devolution

/ˌdiːˈluːʃn /

/vəʊ/

Devote

/dɪˈvəʊt/

/vɒ/

Evocative

/ɪˈkətɪv/

/və/

Evoke

/ɪˈʊk/

/vɒ/

Frivolity

/frɪˈləti/

/və/

Frivolous

/ˈfrɪləs/

/və/

Provocation

/ˌprɒˈkeɪʃn/

/vɒ/

Provocative

/prəˈkətɪv/

/və/

Vocabulary

/ˈkæbjələri/

/vəʊ/

Vocal

vəʊkl/

/vɒ/

Vocative

kətiv/

6

vu

/vjuː/

Ovule

/ˈɒvjuːl/

/və/

Ovum

/ˈəʊm/

 

Alphabet ‘W’ and Details

The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘W’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 13 in numbers which are brought in notice, with examples including words and phonetic transcriptions, as follows:

Table-3: Details of the Alphabet ‘W’ with Examples

S.

N.

Same Letters / Group of Same Letters

Different Pronunciations

Examples

Words

Phonetic

Transcriptions

1

wa

/wɔː/

Award

/əˈwɔːd/

/weə/

Aware

/əˈweə(r)/

/wə/

Backwards

/ˈbækdz/

/wɒ/

Backwash

/ˈbækʃ/

/wɒ/

Brainwash

/ˈbreɪnʃ/

/weɪ/

Brainwave

/ˈbreɪnweɪv/

/wæ/

Wacky

wæki/

/wɒ/

Wad

/d/

/weɪ/

Wade

/weɪd/

/weə/

Wary

weəri/

/wə/

Was

/z/

2

we

/wiː/

We

/wiː/

/we/

Web

/web/

/wə/

Were

/(r)/

3

wea

/wiː/

Weak

/wiːk/

/we/

Wealth

/welθ/

/weə/

Wear

/weə(r)/

/wɪə/

Weary

wɪəri/

4

wha

/wæ/

Whack

/wæk/

/weɪ/

Whale

/weɪl/

/wɔː/

Wharf

/wɔːf/

5

whe

/we/

Whenever

/wenˈevə(r)/

/weə/

Where

/weə(r)/

6

whi

/wɪ/

Which

/tʃ/

/waɪ/

While

/waɪl/

/wɜː/

Whirl

/wɜːl/

7

who

/huː/

Who

/huː/

/həʊ/

Whole

/həʊl/

8

whoo

/huː/

Whooping cough

huːpɪŋ kɒf/

/wʊ/

Whoops

/ps/

9

wi

/waɪ/

Midwife

/ˈmɪdwaɪf/

/wɪ/

Midwifery

/ˌmɪdˈfəri/

/wɪ/

Wicker

(r)/

/waɪ/

Wide

/waɪd/

/waɪə/

Wiry

waɪəri/

10

wo

/wɒ/

Wobble

bl/

/wə/

Woe

/ʊ/

/wʊ/

Wolf

/lf/

/wɜː/

Work

/wɜːk/

/wʌ/

Worried

rid/

11

wou

/wə/

Would

/d/

/wuː/

Wound

/wuːnd/

12

wra

/ræ/

Wrap

/ræp/

/rɒ/

Wrath

/θ/

13

wri

/rɪ/

Writ

/t/

/raɪ/

Write

/raɪt/

 

Alphabet ‘X’ and Details

The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘X’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 07 in numbers which are brought in notice, with examples including words and phonetic transcriptions, as follows:

Table-4: Details of the Alphabet ‘X’ with Examples

S.

N.

Same Letters / Group of Same Letters

Different Pronunciations

Examples

Words

Phonetic

Transcriptions

1

xa

/zæ/

Exaggerate

/ɪɡˈzædʒəreɪt/

/zɔː/

Exalt

/ɪɡˈzɔːlt/

/zɑː/

Example

/ɪɡˈzɑːmpl/

/ksə/

Taxable

/ˈtæksəbl/

/kseɪ/

Taxation

/tækˈseɪʃn/

2

xce

/ksə/

Excellence

/ˈeksələns/

/kse/

Excess

/ˈekses/

3

xe

/kjuː/

Executioner

/ˌeksɪˈkjuːʃənə(r)/

/ɡze/

Executive

ɡˈzekjətɪv/

/ksə/

Exercise

/ˈeksəsaɪz/

/ɡzɜː/

Exert

ɡˈzɜːt/

/ziː/

Xenon

ziːnɒn/

/ze/

Xenophobia

zenəˈfəʊbiə/

/zɪə/

Xerox

zɪərɒks/

4

xhi

/ɡzɪ/

Exhibit

ɡˈzɪbɪt/

/ksɪ/

Exhibition

/ˌeksɪˈbɪʃn/

5

xi

/ksaɪ/

Exile

/ˈeksaɪl/

/ɡzɪ/

Exist

ɡˈzɪst/

/ksɪ/

Exit

/ˈeksɪt/

/ksə/

Flexible

/ˈfleksəbl/

/ksi/

Flexitime

/ˈfleksitaɪm/

/ksa/

Oxide

/ˈɒksaɪd/

/ksɪ/

Oxidize

/ˈɒksɪdaɪz/

6

xo

/ksə/

Exofficio

eks əˈfɪʃiəʊ/

/ɡzɒ/

Exonerate

ɡˈzɒnəreɪt/

/ksɔː/

Exorcism

/ˈeksɔːsɪzəm/

/ksəʊ/

Exoskeleton

/ˈeksəʊskelɪtn/

7

xu

/ɡʒʊə/

Luxurious

/lʌɡˈʒʊəriəs /

/kʃə/

Luxury

/ˈlʌkʃəri/

 

Alphabet ‘Y’ and Details

The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘Y’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 04 in numbers which are brought in notice, with examples including words and phonetic transcriptions, as follows:

Table-5: Details of the Alphabet ‘Y’ with Examples

S.

N.

Same Letters / Group of Same Letters

Different Pronunciations

Examples

Words

Phonetic

Transcriptions

1

ya

/jɒ/

Yacht

/t/

/jæ/

Yak

/jæk/

/jɑː/

Yard

/jɑːd/

2

yea

/je/

Yeah

/jeə/

/jɪə/

Year

/jɪə(r)/

/jɜː/

Yearn

/jɜːn/

3

yo

/jəʊ/

Yo

/jəʊ/

/jɒ/

Yob

/b/

4

you

/jə/

You

//

/jʌ/

Young

/ŋ/

/jɔː/

Yours

/jɔːz/

 

Alphabet ‘Z’ and Details

The same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabet ‘Z’ in the different words of English language, having different pronunciations, are 05 in numbers which are brought in notice, with examples including words and phonetic transcriptions, as follows:

Table-6: Details of the Alphabet ‘Z’ with Examples

S.

N.

Same Letters / Group of Same Letters

Different Pronunciations

Examples

Words

Phonetic

Transcriptions

1

za

/zeɪ/

Zany

zeɪni/

/zæ/

Zap

/zæp/

2

ze

/ze/

Zenith

zenɪθ/

/zɪə/

Zero

zɪərəʊ/

3

zea

/ziː/

Zeal

/ziːl/

/ze/

Zealous

zeləs/

4

zo

/z/

Horizon

/həˈraɪzn/

/zɒ/

Horizontal

/ˌhɒrɪˈntl/

5

zoo

/zuː/

Zoo

/zuː/

/zəʊɒ/

Zoology

/zəʊˈɒlədʒi/

 

Conclusion

The above aspects explain the study of same letters / group of same letters beginning with the alphabets ‘U’, ‘V’, ‘W’, ‘X’, ‘Y’ and ‘Z’ in the different words of English language having different pronunciations which will aid to have accomplishment in the select subject of analysis.

Works Cited

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Gimson, A. C. A Practical Course of English Pronunciation: A Perceptual Approach. London: Arnold, 1975.

Gimson, A. C. (ed.). English Pronouncing Dictionary. London: Dent, 1977.

Guralnik, D. B., et al., eds. Webster’s New World Dictionary. New York: Prentice Hall Press, 1986.

Jones, Daniel. The Pronunciation of English. Cambridge: CUP, 1909.

Jones, Daniel. An Outline of English Phonetics, Eighth Edition. Delhi: Surjeet Publications, 2012.

Kothari, C. R. Research Methodology Methods and Techniques. New Delhi: New Age      International (P) Ltd., 2010.

MLA Handbook, Eighth Edition. USA: Modern Language Association, 2016.

O’connor, J. D. Better English Pronunciation. London: Cambridge University Press, 1980.

Sethi, J. and Dhamija P. V. A Course in Phonetics and Spoken English (2nd Ed.). India: Prentice Hall Ltd., 2000.

Sinclair, J., ed. Collins Cobuild English Language Dictionary. London: Harper Collins, 2001.

Tench, Paul. Pronunciation Skills. Malaysia: Macmillan Publishers Ltd., 1981.

Umera- Okeke, Nneka. “Spelling and Phonetic Inconsistencies in English: A Problem for Learners of English as a Foreign/Second Language.” African Research Review, vol. 2, no.1, 2008, pp. 64-83.

Upton, C., et al., eds. Oxford Dictionary of Pronunciation for Current English. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Wells, J. C. English Intonation: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Wells, J. C. Sounds Interesting: Observations on English and General Phonetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Wells, J. C. Sounds Fascinating: Further Observations on English Phonetics and Phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016.

Windsor Lewis, J. A Concise Pronouncing Dictionary of British and American English. London: Oxford University Press, 1972.